• AUD/USD
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    SELL
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  • USD/CHF
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FOMC preview: What to expect from interest rates in 2024

Amid sticky inflation, futures hint at a steady Fed rate through May, with cuts possibly delayed until September. Speculation grows on Powell's 2024 plans and whether the inverted yield curve will correct, influencing USD pairs.
Source: Bloomberg
Picture of Glen Frybarger
Glen Frybarger
Content Strategist, Chicago

Key points

  • Wednesday's FOMC meeting is likely to yield no change to overnight interest rates
  • September is now the likely date for a potential first rate cut
  • The probability of no interest rate cuts in 2024 is now up to 18%*
  • US dollar would likely benefit from higher rates, given their historically positive correlation

*Probabilities calculated using the CME's FedWatch tool

Fed Powell likely to hold rates in May

Futures prices currently indicate a 97% probability that the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), led by Jerome Powell, will maintain the Fed Funds interest rate unchanged in Wednesday's May meeting. This high likelihood reflects market expectations for steady monetary policy in the near term, given strong US data in employment and inflation in recent months.

Interest rates expected stay put until September

Owing to continuous sticky inflation above 2%, predictions from the CME now suggest that any potential rate cuts by the Federal Reserve may be deferred until the September FOMC meeting. This adjustment in expectations marks a significant delay in the monetary easing cycle, which expected a series of cuts in 2024 at the start of the year.

Will Powell revise his 2024 trajectory?

Following the Fed's March projections of 2-3 rate cuts this year, evolving economic conditions now present a scenario where no cuts might occur. Chances of rates being left alone this year are now up to 18%, up significantly from the 0% earlier this year (CME FedWatch tool). This shift raises questions on whether Powell will adjust the 2024 rate trajectory on Wednesday in light of new data.

When will the yield curve normalize?

The US yield curve has been inverted since 2022, signaling investor concerns about longer-term economic prospects. However, recent trends have seen the curve flattening slightly compared to how inverted it was at certain points in the past year. With short-term interest rates refusing to fall, yields for longer-term bonds have appreciated — notably the 10-Year rising from sub-4% to near 4.7%. This rise is reassuring for normalization as the gap between yields on short and long term debt narrows.

US dollar positively correlated to rates

On a rolling 12-month basis, US dollar exhibits a positive correlation with interest rates (10YR yields), meaning its strength may persist if US rates remain elevated while European counterparts initiate rate cuts. On the other hand, with rates likely near highs, any reversion lower could similarly impact US dollar prices.

How to trade US dollar

  1. Open an account to get started, or practice on a demo account
  2. Choose your forex trading platform
  3. Open, monitor, and close positions on USD pairs

Trading forex requires an account with a forex provider like tastyfx. Many traders also watch major forex pairs like EUR/USD and USD/JPY for potential opportunities based on economic events such as inflation releases or interest rate decisions. Economic events can produce more volatility for forex pairs, which can mean greater potential profits and losses as risks can increase at these times.

You can help develop your forex trading strategies using resources like tastyfx’s YouTube channel. Once your strategy is developed, you can follow the above steps to opening an account and getting started trading forex.

Your profit or loss is calculated according to your full position size. Leverage will magnify both your profits and losses. It’s important to manage your risks carefully as losses can exceed your deposit. Ensure you understand the risks and benefits associated with trading leveraged products before you start trading with them. Trade using money you’re comfortable losing.

Reviewed by:
Frank Kaberna
Director of Strategy, Chicago

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